International Academic Research Journal of Business and Management (IARJBM) - ISSN : 2227-1287 (Print)

Impact Factor - 68.16 (ICV) 2015

International Academic Research Journal of Business and Management (IARJBM) is a Double-blind peer-reviewed quarterly journal, published by Academic Research Publishers. The journal publishes research papers in the fields of business, management, marketing, finance, economics, human resource management and relevant subjects. The journal is available only on print edition and the current issue can be viewed online. Authors can also download current article from online version.

Vol No. 5 Issue 3 : March 2017
Exploration of Availability of Online Tourism Services Providers (OTSP) in Pakistan Pages From : 01-11
Author(s) : Syed Ahtsham Ali,Syed Irfan Ali,Xu Ming
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     Travel and Tourism’s impact on the economic and social development of a countryrncan be enormous; opening it up for business, trade and capital investment, creating jobs andrnentrepreneurialism for the workforce and protecting heritage and cultural values. Pakistan isrnone of those few countries in the world that are blessed with a diverse inventory of tourismrnattractions. The country has oldest civilizations in the world, locations with attractive scenicrnbeauty, splendid mountains and peaks, sacred religious and historic places, seasonalrnvarieties, unique arts and crafts and rich culture and heritage. The increasing competitivenessrnin the global tourism market spatially in the Asian region, encourages tourism operators torninvestment more in promotions, resources, knowledge and quality in order to achievernsatisfactory growth. Based on the discussions of Pakistani tourism demand escalation, thisrnarticle has made the explorations of online availability of online tourist service provider inrnPakistan. Supply (business) model of several Pakistani online tourist services providers fromrndifferent Pakistani online websites are analyzed. Some comparisons with US, UK, China andrnIndia’s similar online tourism services providers have explained with hints of seekingrndiscussion. For better developing such new supply (business) model, a cost structure of thisrnmodel is offered based on interviews of the tourism industry in Pakistan

Empowering Women: Selected Case Studies from Delhi Slums Pages From : 12-25
Author(s) : Pratibha J Mishra
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     The position of women has varied in time and place. The Rigvedic period was a period of glory and dignity of women. The Indian Women during that period participated in all walks of life with men: religion, ceremonies, ritual performance and recitation of Vedic mantras. The period of Ramayana and Mahabharata also maintained the respect and glory of Indian womanhood. However, the period of Manusmritis was one of counter balance. During the Mughal rule all retchedness came to Indian womanhood with atrocities, exploitation, and fusion of blood and practice of polygamy. This led to the increase of ban on the freedom and equality of women, deprivation from education and all outwardly interactions. Child marriage, ban on widow marriage, sati, cheating, devdasi, rape, prostitution and abuse of all sorts prevailed. During the British rule the same practices followed with little improvement. However, certain legal reforms did take place. Some Acts and Ordinances were passed against the practice of sati. Social reformers like Dayanand Saraswati, Ishwarchand Vidya Sagar, Raja Ram Mohan Rai, M.G. Ranade, G.K. Gokhale, etc. became the pioneers to root out the social evils concerning society and the women. The latter were encouraged to get education. Sayaji Rao Gaekwad, Rabindranath Tagore, Madan Mohan Malaviya, and Mahatma Gandhi started their experiments of reform in India in general, and in rural settings in particular. Since independence, a number of programmes, policies, projects and planned approaches under Five Year Plans have been implemented by the Central and State governments. These relate to poverty alleviation, increasing employment opportunities in rural areas, improvement of social, economic and cultural status of women particularly those belonging to the weaker sections of society. Mahatma Gandhi (1929) declared, “In my opinion when the history of the last decade comes to be written the palm will be given to the women of India. They have brought Swaraj nearer. They have added several inches to their own height and to that of the nation.”

Development of Entrepreneurship among Rural Women Pages From : 26-37
Author(s) : SHANMUGAM. D
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     Gro Harlem Brundtland, Prime Minister of Norway said at the Fourth World Conference on Women held in Beijing in the Year 1995, “ There isn’t a single country in the world – not one – where men and women enjoy completely equal opportunities... that is why we must change attitudes and policies. The aim must be to give each and every human being greater freedom to make choice about their own lives....”.rnWomen Entrepreneur is one of the topics which is looked up to for research in recent years. It is because it is one which leads to women empowerment and gender equity. When women moves forward, the family moves, the village moves and the nation moves. These words of Pandit Jawaharlal Lal Nehru are an accepted fact. Employment gives economic status to women and economic status gives way to social status and there by empowerment to women.rnEntrepreneurship among women, no doubt improves the wealth of the nation in general and of the family in particular. Women today are more willing to take up activities that were once considered the preserve of man, and have proved that they are second to no one with respect to contribution to the growth of the economy.rnTo response to the needs of women it requires devising measures to integrate women as decision-makers, participants and beneficiaries in all relevant development activities and to address the totality of problems women face as entrepreneur, give to the wide spectrum of elements affecting the equitable participation of women in development. A plan or strategy must be designed and implemented in close collaboration with various development partners in different specialized areas, notably: education, health, human rights as well as environment and energy. This would definitely enhance their socio-economic status, a pre-requisite of women’s empowerment.rn“We always viewed that a smart woman can pick up a job any day, but if she becomes an entrepreneur she can provide a livelihood to 10 more women at least...!”rn- Neelam Jain.

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