International Academic Research Journal of Business and Management (IARJBM) - ISSN : 2227-1287 (Print)

Impact Factor - 68.16 (ICV) 2015

International Academic Research Journal of Business and Management (IARJBM) is a Double-blind peer-reviewed quarterly journal, published by Academic Research Publishers. The journal publishes research papers in the fields of business, management, marketing, finance, economics, human resource management and relevant subjects. The journal is available only on print edition and the current issue can be viewed online. Authors can also download current article from online version.

Vol No. 3 Issue 6 : November 2014
Co-Creating Value Based on Interaction and Communication Pages From : 15-25
Author(s) : Dr. Sławomir Czarniewski
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   The purpose of this work is to show mechanisms of co-creating value based on interaction and communication. The pace of economic transformation and growing competition in the market means that companies are somehow forced to take new measures to improve the effectiveness of communication with their market environment. The focus of this study are the economic mechanisms of the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of communicating specified value to the customer, and an attempt to identify the factors boosting efficiency increase. This analysis was carried out on selected Polish customers in 2012. The paper shows also own research based on surveys conducted among enterprises in Poland in 2011. Reflections contained in the paper do not have definite characteristics and should be treated as an opinion in the discussion.

Recruitment Practices and Performance in the Tourism Industry of Ghana: A Comparative Study of Selected Small and Medium Hotels Pages From : 01-14
Author(s) : Dr. Mrs Esther Theresa Appaw-Agbola
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   Performance efficiency of the tourism sector has been an area of concern for both the government as well as the public in Ghana. Ministry of Tourism, Ghana Tourist Authority and other stakeholders have been stressing on the need to hire qualified employees to work in the various sectors of the tourism industry to perform services to international standard. Since the Government of Ghana in its economic development plans aims to make tourism its number one foreign exchange earner by the year 2015.
 
However, previous research confirms that, the achievement of Ghana’s tourism development plan depend on the quality and competences of the human resources in the hotel sector, since they form the key part in the delivery of the tourism product. Though Ghana tourism education has been developed for the past 20 years, there exists a big gap between supply and demand for quality managers, supervisors and operative staff within the tourism industry. In addition, small and medium-sized hotels are highly patronised by visitors yet received relatively little research attention in Ghana.
 
Therefore, the study sought to examine recruitment practices in selected medium hotels and compare the trend and practices in small hotels. A mixed-methodological approach via interviews and Questionnaire surveys were used for the study. Data for the study were collected from four hundred and twenty seven (427) employees who worked in the various sections of the hotels. Results from regression to test the association among the variables reveals that recruitment practices in small and medium hotels have significant influence on employee performance. In addition, the percentage of variance in employees’ attitude was most significantly influenced by recruitment strategies adopted by employers in the selected hotels in Ghana. The paper recommends that the shortfall in recruitment practices in the selected hotels could be addressed if hotel organizations developed recruitment strategies that incorporate diverse range of sources to reach quality applicants in the required target market of Ghana.
The Role of Management in the Process of Teachers Personal and Professional Growth Pages From : 26-30
Author(s) : Irma Kurdadze,Nana Makaradze,Nino Mikeladze
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   In Georgia, the reflection on the paramount approaches in Education Management in the process of the preparation of school principals according to the modern standards, has a vital importance for development and successful implementation of educational reforms in Pedagogy. This issue requires special attention in regions.

According to the “Law of Georgia on General Education' (Chapter VIII, article 41) the principle of school may be elected or appointed in accordance with this law: S/he is a citizen of Georgia, has a higher education degree, 3 years of work experience, meets the requirements of the legislation and has not reached 65 years of age .

This document does not oblige the candidates to have a pedagogical education. Judging from the Georgian reality, the special preparation of staff for producing efficient school principals, started only in recent years and only several universities have some experience in this field (Ilia State University in Tbilisi, Kutaisi Akaki Tsereteli State University and Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University). However, it should be emphasized that above mentioned universities produce only a minimal number of future school principals with the Master’s qualification in Education Administration.

The trend of conducting researches of pedagogical process is extremely important in order to strengthen the management direction in modern pedagogy. Many features of pedagogical management is defined by the educational process, or more precisely, by the specificity of the goals, methods, means and forms of learning process. The needs assessment of Samtskhe - Javakheti state university and Batumi Shota Rustaveli state university shows that the new paradigm of education with its innovative processes, includes the implementation of new courses and approaches in the frames of educational program of preparing educational representatives like teachers and school principals, which will allow future professionals to learn pedagogical management basics.

Modern education no longer needs teachers, accustomed to use instructions and often are incapable of making independent choice. Schools need a teacher, who is able to organize a learning process. A teacher who is, on the one hand, independent and creative at any stage of professional activities, on the other hand, is aware of the functions and activities of the school principal.

We believe that the realization of this problem is very important, as preparation of a modern and innovative teachers and principals means to find the final resolution of this problem.

A Model of Measuring on Chinas Rural Surplus Labor Force and Lewis Turning Point Pages From : 31-38
Author(s) : Ms. Yukui
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   China has been undergoing opening up reforming over thirty years. Plenty of rural surplus labor force flowed to the city transfering to the non agricultural economy sectors and made a great contribution to Chinas economic development. Many scholars are being devoted to measure the rural surplus labor force in china over the years. Recently, some provinces and cities appear "labor shortage" phenomenon. Many scholars start to put forward that the era of Chinas rural surplus labor force has ended and Lewis Turning Point emerged or imminent. This paper establishes a model of resources allocation optimization in a Chinese peasant group economic system and deduces the formula of measuring the amount of rural surplus labor force adhere to a empirical study and corresponding procedure of measuring and analyzing.

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