International Academic Research Journal of Medical Sciences (IARJMS) - ISSN 2413-8304 (Print)

International Academic Research Journal of Medical Sciences (IARJMS) is a Double-blind peer reviewed newly launched quarterly scientific journal dedicated to publish good quality of research work in all areas of medical sciences. Scope of the journal includes: medicine, dentistry, nursing and allied health sciences, pharmacy, pathology, anatomy, pharmacology, toxicology, surgery and physiology.

International Academic Research Journal of Medical Sciences is one of the speciality Journal in Medical Science published by International Academic Research Journal of Medical Sciences (IARJMS). The Journal publishes papers of the highest scientific merit and widest possible scope work in all areas related to medical and dental science. The Journal welcome review articles, leading medical and clinical research articles, technical notes, case reports and others.

Vol No. 1 Issue 2 : February 2016
Plastic Surgery in Female Society across Prince Sultan University in 2014 Pages From : 01-06
Author(s) : Bin Bakheet Osama .M,Alshehri Waleed .M , Alsharhan Ahmed .H,,Elyas Amjad .I , Aldakhil Allah Hamad .H,,Assiri Abdulaziz .M ,,Alhaydhal Ahmed .N ,,Alsunbul Abdulrahman .A ,,Aljenaidel Abdullah .M
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   Little is known about the interest in plastic surgery among the Female society ,rnPlastic surgery is usually performed to enhance or correct a physical abnormality , Asrnrecently as fifty years ago the subject was considered taboo. Plastic surgery has becomernaccepted over the years. Determine the age groups with a high incidence of plastic surgery ,rncauses of desirable , University environment , most popular plastic surgery in Riyadh andrnhow welling It is desirable and to see improvement and satisfaction after surgery . Thernpresent study tested these associations among a sample of prince sultan university femalernsection. “Cross-sectional or prevalence survey study” Which is a class of research methodsrnthat involve observation of all the population. We used questioners to collect the data .wernused an online survey By this technique we have done easily distributed through by socialrnnetwork. We used the analysis program "IBM SPSS Statistics "also for data analysis. Ourrnsample is including 104 cases and most of our sample (98.8 %) in age group 20-25 years andrnthe rest (1.2 % ) more than 45 years and (60 %) of the cases did the plastic surgery becausernthey want to be in a better appearance and (40 %) of them did it for husband and friendsrnsatisfaction and the type of the surgery was (50 %) for nose, lips, buttocks and (50 %) wasrnfor a combination of all the three surgeries and the university shows an impact in 2/3 of therncases to push them to plastic surgery. The finding that many young women are interested inrnplastic surgery and six percent of the respondents did the plastic surgery and they werernlooking for better appearance. Thus we can see the most popular surgery are nose, lips andrnbuttocks in combination.

The effect of Vitamin D Deficiency in Osteoporosis and Chronic low back pain among Saudi Arabian middle aged Women in Riyadh City, MAY 2014 Pages From : 07-12
Author(s) : ALHaydhal Ahmed,,ALBarrak Yasser, Bin bakheet Osama,,Aljandal Abdullah, Aleid Abdulmohsen,,Allam Abdulrahman, Al‐Shammari Nawaf,,Al‐Barakat Mohammad ,,ALRasheed Layan,,ALBakr Rashed
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   Vitamin D is essential for life as it is the important regulator of calcium metabolism.rnVitamin D deficiency is prevalent around the world. .studies show that a prevalence of lowrnVitamin D presenting with backache. To assess the effects and Prevalence of vitamin Drndeficiency in osteoporosis and chronic low back pain among women. A cross-sectionalrnstudy was conducted among (n=99) subjects in Prince Salman Hospital in Riyadh SaudirnArabia , all of them were middle age Saudi women of age 30-59 years who were chosenrnrandomly . A Self-reporting questionnaire were used for data collection . Data analysis wererndone using SPSS program. We found a high percentage 68.7% of middle age 30-40 yearsrnhave vitamin D deficiency and osteoporosis in Saudi female in Riyadh and 25% of them duernto many factors. 25 % of our sample they had VitD deficiency with osteoporosis that mayrncause by not enough daily sun exposure, and diet lack of VitD sources. These data suggestrna need to increase vitamin D intake either through improved fortification and/orrnsupplementation

Herbal Medicine among Saudis: Awareness, Uses, Reasons and Common Herbs Pages From : 13-19
Author(s) : Abdulaziz Alanzi,,Abdulaziz Assiri,,Faisal Aldayel , Abdulrahman Allam ,,Osama Bin Bakheet ,,Fahd Alanzi,,Ahmed Alhaydhal,,Layan Alrasheed
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   Herbal medicine is the use of herbs for their therapeutic or medicinal value. herbalrnmedicine has been used by many different cultures throughout the world to treat illness.rnHerbal medicine has been used to treat or alleviate virtually every possible medicalrncondition. In this study we aim to determine the percentage of population that have usedrnherbal therapy, identify the reasons toward using herbal therapy. Efficacy, therapeuticrnoutcomes of the most common herbal remedies and awareness of their usage. Crossrnsectional study targeted Saudi citizens in Riyadh, Data was collected using simplernrandomized sample method, by self-administrative questionnaires. Data analyses done byrnEpi InfoTM 7. The collected questionnaires were 100. The 100 Saudis who participated in thernstudy had a mean (SD) age of 25 (+-11.4) years. (80%) out of our sample they have usedrnherbs as a medications. Herbs used for acute conditions account for (70%) while chronicrnconditions only (20%). The most common acute condition treated by herbs is cold (56%).rnMyrrh was the most common used herb (59%). Participants who were aware about theirrnmedical herbal usage account for (32.10%). Most common reason that incline people to usernherbs as a medication was accessibility. Implementing education, Government supervision,rnsurveillance system and licensing system to monitor medical trading herbs

Impact of Gender in the Survival of Melanoma Pages From : 20-26
Author(s) : Mohammed A. Aljarie,Yousef S. Aldughaythir,Sami A. Aldaham,Juan M. Acuña
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   Worldwide, cutaneous melanoma is the least common but most dangerous form ofrnskin cancer. Although it was considered uncommon, the annual incidence is increasingrndramatically. Examine gender differences in surviving melanoma in the U.S. Secondary datarnof melanoma patients collected by SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End ResultsrnProgram) between 1973 and 2011 were used. Adult patients (18 years old or older) and onlyrnincidental cases were included (N=227,509). Kaplan Meier method was used to calculate thernfive-year melanoma survival curve by gender. Unadjusted and adjusted Cox regressionrnanalysis was used to examine patients’ survival time by gender and the effect of otherrnpotential confounders (age and stage at diagnosis, race, origin, number of primaries andrnprimary site location) on survival. Gender significantly impacts survival, with males being atrna higher risk to die from melanoma (18.2%) compared to females (8.2%). Females werern60.4% less likely to die than males (unadjusted HR= 0.40, 95% CI= 0.39-0.41). After adjustingrnby confounders, the association between gender and prognosis remained significant.rnFemales were 23.3% less likely to die from melanoma than males (HR= 0.77, 95% CI= 0.74-rn0.80). Patients with overlapping primary site location (melanoma overlaps adjacentrnanatomical sites), trunk, and diagnosed at late stage (HR= 3.25, 95% CI= 3.06-3.45), (HR=rn1.28, 95% CI= 1.22-1.35), (HR= 8.28, 95% CI= 7.96-8.61), respectively, are more likely to diernearlier. The results confirm male gender as an independent factor associated with poorrnsurvival time. This suggests a biological difference across genders in the disease and/or inrnthe disease–host interaction. Further research into the survival advantage in female patientsrnmay generate new therapies for this disease, and expansion of current preventive strategiesrnto target male patients is recommended.

Prevalence of Depressive Symptoms and factors associated with it in type 2 Diabetic Patients at AIShifa’a Primary Health Care Center in Dammam, October December 2015, Cross-sectional study Pages From : 27-37
Author(s) : Ali AlQallaf,,Zainab Almubarak,Zainab AlBiabi
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   About 30% of the population in Saudi Arabia suffer from DM II, Depressionrnprevalence among type two diabetic patients found to be higher than non-diabetic people,rnand comorbid depression with type two diabetes mellitus has associated with increasernmortality. This study aims to measure the prevalence of depression and determine thernfactors associated with depression in patients with DM II. Study design a cross sectionalrnstudy, a total of 218 subject participated by using simple random sampling technique, PHQ-rn9 by WHO used to assess depression and structured questionnaire for collecting therninformation about socio demographic data used, lab results were abstracted later fromrnsubject’s medical file. Of the total sample (66.5% male) and (33.5% female) the prevalence ofrndepression was 50.9% (39.3% of males) and (73.9% of females) (N=218, 95% confidencernInterval [CI]), mean depressive score is 6.02 where depression types was (28.9% mild, 15.6%rnmoderate, 6.4% sever). Female gender and being widowed are strongly associated withrndepression symptoms in the sample taken (P=0.006, 95% CL, OR 4.2, 6.3), high level ofrnHbA1C found to be high in depressed group (P=0.000 95% CL, OR 7.3) . On the study, thernprevalence of depression was high with almost half of the diabetic patients had somerndegree of depression without them being aware of it, Insufficient screening for depressionrnin primary health care centres leave large number of depressed induvial whom may benefitrnfrom depression treatment, the severity of depression was strongly associated with lowrndiabetic control, the mechanism of which diabetes causes depression is not easy torndetermine, it is possible that DMII does not causes depression directly but DMII relatedrncomplication like nephropathy and neuropathy and macro-microvascular complicationrnaffecting to some degree patient quality of life .This research found that 50.9% of diabeticrnpatient in AlShifa’a PHC centre had some degree of depression, poor diabetic control andrnfemale gender and being widowed are the most attributing factors to have depressivernsymptoms. Further researches are needed to study the influence of early depressionrntreatment in type two diabetic patient in the long term.